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DevSensei: PR Workflow Automation

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Workflow Automation for Dev Teams

What is DevSensei?

DevSensei is a new pull request workflow automation solution integrated into the Code Owners App.

It is for teams who want to:

  • reduce the overhead of working with pull requests

  • automate workflows in pull requests

  • follow and enforce team policies

Examples of such workflows are assigning reviewers or auto-merging pull requests based on configurable conditions.

How does it work?

DevSensei configuration is YAML-based.

Add a devsensei.yaml file to the root of your repository for the default branch, and DevSensei will automate your pull request workflow.

The configuration file consists of a set of workflows. Each workflow is meant to automate specific tasks for the pull requests of your team. A workflow includes:

  • a name to identify the workflow

  • a set of conditions to be met for the actions of the workflow to be executed for a pull request

  • a set of actions to be executed when the conditions are met for a pull request

Example

Here's an example devsensei.yaml that assigns Code Owners for a pull request introducing a new feature where the pull request is opened from a branch including the prefix feature/ with the destination branch being main or release:

workflows:
- name: Add Code Owners
  conditions:
    - source~=feature/*
    - or:
        - destination=main
        - destination~=release/*
  actions:
    - add-codeowners:
        rules: |
          *.js            @@frontendDevs
          devsensei.yaml  @@team

Migration: From Code Owners to DevSensei

What advantages has DevSensei compared to Code Owners?

  • The main advantage of devsensei.yaml compared to CODEOWNERS is sharing common rules across repositories with included devsensei.yaml files called "Includes" to reduce duplication and maintenance efforts.

  • Another advantage is that common configuration parts (e.g. reusing the list of reviewers) can be shared with YAML anchors.

  • DevSensei currently only supports a few actions like add-codeowners. We will add many more actions in the future to automate your pull request workflow. Let us know what actions (e.g. adding PR comments or tasks) you are looking for.

  • devsensei.yaml is always read from the default branch of your repository, instead of CODEOWNERS, which is taken from the destination branch of the pull request. This will reduce the maintenance efforts significantly when you want to make changes.

How can I migrate from Code Owners to DevSensei?

To start using DevSensei from your existing CODEOWNERS file, you have two options:

  1. a) Automated migration: migrate your CODEOWNERS file to devsensei.yaml with the built-in migration support (see button Download generated devsensei.yaml).

  2. b) Manual migration: migrate your CODEOWNERS settings to their equivalents in devsensei.yaml. For the most part, copy everything except CODEOWNERS settings and custom groups from the CODEOWNERS file to the rules section of devsensei.yaml.

    i. For the settings, use the alternatives from the add-codeowners action, see the Actions paragraph below.

    ii. For the custom Code Owner groups (e.g. @@@my-group @peter @anna), use the custom-groups section of add-codeowners.

  3. push the devsensei.yaml file to the root directory in the default branch of your repository

  4. enable DevSensei under repository settings -> DevSensei | Code Owners -> DevSensei Workflows -> Enabled

  5. when the app sees a devsensei.yaml file, it will use that instead of CODEOWNERS.

NOTE

DevSensei reads the devsensei.yaml configuration from the default branch of your repository for every pull request. This is in contrast to Code Owners configuration in CODEOWNERS file, where it is taken from the destination branch of the pull request.

Below you can see both a CODEOWNERS file and the equivalent devsensei.yaml file. This should help you to migrate from your Code Owners rules to the new YAML format.

The format of the Code Owners rules is the same, so you can copy that to the rules section of the add-codeowners action.

CODEOWNERS

CODEOWNERS.destination_branch_pattern main
CODEOWNERS.destination_branch_pattern release/*
CODEOWNERS.toplevel.subdirectory_overrides enable
CODEOWNERS.toplevel.assignment_routing random 2
CODEOWNERS.toplevel.create_pull_request_comment disable
CODEOWNERS.toplevel.auto_unapprove_on_change enable
CODEOWNERS.source_branch_exclusion_pattern hotfix/*

@@@MyDevs                @PeterTheHacker  @PeterTheJavaExpert ann@scala.lang @@JSDevs

*                        @PeterTheHacker
*.java                   @PeterTheJavaExpert
*.js                     @PaulTheJSGuru @@JSExperts
"a/path with spaces/*"   docs@example.com
!ci/playgrounds.yml
src/components/**/*.js   @@MyDevs

Check(@@MyDevs >= 2)

devsensei.yaml

shared:
  - custom-groups:
      MyDevs:
        - @PeterTheHacker
        - @PeterTheJavaExpert
        - ann@scala.lang 
        - @@JSDevs
      
workflows:
  - name: Add Code Owners
    conditions:
      - or:
        - destination=main
        - destination~=release/*
      - source~!=hotfix/*
    actions:
      - add-codeowners:
          auto-unapprove-on-change: true      
          assignment-routing:
            random: 2
          custom-groups:
            MyDevs: *MyDevs 
          rules: |
            *                       @PeterTheHacker
            *.java                  @PeterTheJavaExpert
            *.js                    @PaulTheJSGuru @@JSExperts
            "a/path with spaces/*"  docs@example.com
            !ci/playgrounds.yml
            src/components/**/*.js  @@MyDevs
            Check(@@MyDevs >= 2)

Code Owners Settings NOT supported in DevSensei add-codeowners action

Code Owners feature Why not supported / Alternative?
CODEOWNERS.toplevel.create_pull_request_comment May be added later
CODEOWNERS.toplevel.subdirectory_override Obsolete with includes

NOTE

To replicate the previous behavior of the sub-dir override feature with DevSensei workflows, you must:

  1. prefix the file patterns with the subdir in the corresponding add-codeowners action

  2. exclude the subdirs in the "root" add-codeowners actions with a negation rule

Example: if you have CODEOWNERS with subdirectory_override=true and module-a/CODEOWNERS.

  1. prefix file patterns in migrated add-codeowners of module-a like module-a/PATTERN

  2. add !module-a/ as last rule to migrated root CODEOWNERS action to ignore the sub directory of module-a in this action

IDE support for DevSensei configuration

The app provides a YAML Schema for the devsensei.yaml file. Benefits:

  • Auto-completion of YAML keys

  • Basic validations (e.g. ensure that a workflow has actions)

  • Documentation of YAML elements within the editor

  • Showing code examples from the Spec as help

Download the YAML Schema from Bitbucket:

https://YOUR_BITBUCKET/rest/codeowners/1.0/devsensei/schema

Depending on your IDE, map that YAML Schema to files named devsensei.yaml.

IntelliJ IDEA & JetBrains IDE's

  1. Go to IntelliJ IDEA (or other Jetbrains IDE) settings

  2. Search for JSON Schema Mappings

  3. Add a new mapping:

    a. Name: DevSensei Schema file

    b. Schema URL: https://YOUR_BITBUCKET/rest/codeowners/1.0/devsensei/schema

    c. Schema version: JSON Schema version 7

    d. File: devsensei.yaml

VS Code

VS Code with the RedHat YAML plugin can either use an inline reference to the JSON Schema

# yaml-language-sever: $schema=https://YOUR_BITBUCKET/rest/codeowners/1.0/devsensei/schema

workflows:
  # ...

or have a global mapping within the VS Code settings.json:

{
  "yaml.schemas": {
    "https://YOUR_BITBUCKET/rest/codeowners/1.0/devsensei/schema": [
      "devsensei.yaml"
    ]
  }
}

Reference: devsensei.yaml

Workflows

Each workflow is meant to automate specific tasks for the pull requests of your team.

Attributes

name

The name of the workflow. Must be unique in a repository.

conditions

A set of conditions to be met for the actions of the workflow to be executed for a pull request

actions

A set of actions to be executed when the conditions are met for a pull request

overrides

A workflow with the same name can be overridden in the main devsensei.yaml file. If so, the workflow object must have overrides=true. If not, then you will get a validation error for the duplicate names.

main.yaml

includes:
  - other.yaml
workflow:
  - name: Code Owners
  - name: I am overridden
    overrides: true

other.yaml

workflow:
  - name: Checklist
  - name: I am overridden

Conditions

Conditions define the criteria that must be met so that the actions of a workflow are executed. They allow you to define which pull requests should be handled by DevSensei based on various criteria like the draft pull request status, source and destination branches, and more.

Syntax for a condition:

<attribute> <operator> <value>

The conditions are implicitly combined with and. More complex conditions can be created with and and or logical operators.

Example:

conditions:
- or:
    - destination=main
    - destination~=release/*
    - source~!=hotfix/*
Condition Attributes Meaning
source Source branch of pull request
destination Destination branch of pull request
draft Is it a draft pull request
Conditions Combination Operator Meaning
and All conditions must be fulfilled
or At least one of the conditions must be fulfilled
Conditions Attributes Operator Meaning
~= Glob match
~!= Glob negative match
= Equals
!= Not equals
! or not Negate a boolean attribute

Actions

add-codeowners

Adds Code Owners as reviewers to a pull request.

assignment-routing

random: n reduce the number of Code Owners that are automatically assigned to a pull request. (opt-in) Currently, the only available method of assignment is at random.

- add-codeowners:
  assignment-routing:
  random: 2
rules

The Code Owners rules and merge checks. For existing CODEOWNERS users, copy your owner rules and the merge checks to the rules section. Note: for sub-directory overrides, check "Not supported settings" section.

- add-codeowners:
  rules: |
    *          @jordan jordan@example.com
    /backend/  @@backendies
    /frontend/ @@frontendies
custom-groups

Define custom Code Owners groups.

- add-codeowners:
  rules: |
    pipelines.yml           @@admins
    backend/                @@backendies
    src/components/**/*.js  @@frontendies
  custom-groups:
    admins:
      - @bobby
    backendies:
      - @jordan
      - john.doe@localhost.ch
    frontendies:
      - @charly
      - @@admins
auto-unapprove-on-change

Remove approval if owned code changes.

- add-codeowners:
  auto-unapprove-on-change: true

Includes

With includes, common Devsensei workflows can be shared both across repositories as well within projects in a monorepo.

To include a devsensei.yaml file from another repository, use this syntax:

includes:
- repository: shared-configs
  file: project-devsensei.yaml

Only repositories of the same Bitbucket project are supported:

When a plain YAML file path is specified, the included file is read from the same repository:

includes:
- common/devsensei.yaml
  • The files are read from the latest commit of the default branch

  • YAML Anchors will be resolved per file.

  • Only one level of includes are support (no recursion supported)

YAML Anchors

Use YAML Anchors to define reusable content in the same YAML file.

Example:

shared:
- &myanchor
  name: My Anchor
  description: This is a reusable anchor

workflow:
  - *myanchor
  • Anchors can be used for any content. For example, they can be used to define reusable custom user groups, or conditions.

  • Reference must only reference anchors in the same file. It is not possible to define an anchor in one file, and reference it from another file.

  • Anchor names cannot contain the [, ], {, }, and , characters.

  • Anchors can be defined anywhere in the file, although we encourage to use the shared section at the top of the file for clarity and easier maintenance.

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